Cargill, Incorporated is an American privately held [Two] [Three] total corporation based ter Minnetonka, Minnesota, and incorporated te Wilmington, Delaware. [Four] Founded te 1865, it is the largest privately held corporation te the United States ter terms of revenue. [Five] If it were a public company, it would rank, spil of 2018, number 15 on the Fortune 500, behind McKesson and ahead of AT&T. 
(Chairman and CEO)
Some of Cargill’s major businesses are trading, purchasing and distributing grain and other agricultural commodities, such spil palm oil, trading ter energy, stengel and vervoer, the raising of livestock and production of feed, and producing food ingredients such spil starch and glucose syrup, vegetable oils and fats for application ter processed foods and industrial use. Cargill also has a large financial services arm, which manages financial risks te the commodity markets for the company. Te 2003, it split off a portion of its financial operations into Black Sea Asset Management, a hedge fund with about $Ten billion of assets and liabilities. It wielded Two/Three of the shares of The Mosaic Company (sold off te 2011), one of the world’s leading producers and marketers of concentrated phosphate and potash crop nutrients.
Cargill proclaimed revenues of $136.7 billion and earnings of $Two.31 billion te the 2013 fiscal year.  Employing overheen 155,000 employees ter 66 countries,  it is responsible for 25% of all United States grain exports. The company also supplies about 22% of the US domestic meat market, importing more product from Argentina than any other company, and is the largest poultry producer ter Thailand. All the eggs used te US McDonald’s restaurants pass through Cargill’s plants. It is the only US producer of Alberger process salt, which is used te the fast-food and ready food industries.
Cargill remains a family-owned business, spil the descendants of the founder (from the Cargill and MacMillan families) own overheen 90% of it.  Spil a result, most of its growth has bot due to reinvestment of the company’s own earnings rather than public financing. Gregory R. Pagina succeeded former CEO Warren Staley ter mid-2007, spil Staley reached Cargill’s mandatory retirement age of 65, and wasgoed CEO and chairman until 2013, when he te turn wasgoed succeeded by Dave MacLennan.
Cargill wasgoed founded ter 1865 by William W. Cargill when he bought a grain plane house ter Conover, Iowa. A year zometeen William wasgoed joined by his brother Sam, forming W. W. Cargill and Brother. Together, they built grain plane houses and opened a lumberyard. Ter 1875, Cargill moved to Schuiflade Crosse, Wisconsin, and their brother James joined the business. Lade Crosse wasgoed strategically located on the Mississippi near the junctions of the Schuiflade Crosse Sea, Dubuque, and Southern Minnesota divisions of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad.
Sam Cargill left Lade Crosse te 1887 to manage the office ter Minneapolis, an significant emerging grain center. Three years straks, the Minneapolis operation incorporated spil Cargill Elevator Co., some years after that the Schuiflade Crosse operation incorporated spil W. W. Cargill Company of Schuiflade Crosse, Wisconsin. Ter 1898, John H. MacMillan, Sr., and his brother, Daniel, began working for W. W. Cargill. MacMillan then married William Cargill’s eldest daughter, Edna.
20th century Edit
Upon Sam Cargill’s death ter 1903, William Cargill became the foot holder of the Lade Crosse office. John MacMillan wasgoed named común manager of Cargill Elevator Company and moved his family to Minneapolis. William Cargill died te 1909, creating a fiscal depressie for the company. MacMillan worked to resolve the credit issues and to force his brother-in-law William S. Cargill out of the company. The current owners are descended from John MacMillan’s two sons, John H. MacMillan, Jr., and Cargill MacMillan, Sr., and his youngest brother-in-law, Austen S. Cargill I.
John MacMillan ran the company until his retirement ter 1936. Under his leadership Cargill grew several fold, expanding out of the Midwest by opening its very first East coast offices, ter Fresh York, te 1923, and the very first Canadian, European and Latin American offices te 1928, 1929 and 1930. During this time, Cargill witnessed both record profits and major specie crunches.
The very first of the crises wasgoed the debt left by the death of William W. Cargill. The company issued $Two.25 million te Gold Notes, backed by Cargill stock, to pay off its creditors. The Gold Notes were due te 1917, but thanks to record grain prices caused by World War I all debts were paid by 1915.
Spil World War I continued into 1917, Cargill made record earnings and faced criticisms of war profiteering. Four years zometeen, spil a fallout from the financial crash of 1920, Cargill posted its very first loss.
One of the fattest criticisms of the company has bot its perceived arrogance (see, for example, Brewster Kneen te the Ecologist and also Greg Muttitt te the same journal). The MacMillans’ aggressive management style led to a decades-long feud with the Chicago Houtvezelplaat of Trade. It began ter 1934, when the Houtvezelplaat denied membership to Cargill. The US government overturned the Houtvezelplaat’s ruling and coerced it to accept Cargill spil a member. The 1936 corn crop failed and with the 1937 crop unavailable until October, the Chicago Houtvezelplaat of Trade ordered Cargill to sell some of its corn. Cargill refused to conform. [Ten]
The US Commodity Exchange Authority and Chicago Houtvezelplaat of Trade accused Cargill of attempting to corner the corn market. Ter 1938, the Chicago Houtvezelplaat suspended Cargill and three of its officers from the trading floor. When the Houtvezelplaat lifted its suspension a few years zometeen, Cargill refused to rejoin, instead trading through independent traders. Ter 1962, Cargill did rejoin the Chicago Houtvezelplaat of Trade, two years after the death of John MacMillan, Jr. During World War II, MacMillan, Jr., continued to expand the company, which boomed spil it stored and transported grain and built ships for the United States Navy. [Ten]
Ter 1960, Erwin Kelm became the very first non-family chief executive. Aiming for expansion into downstream production, he led the company into milling, starches and syrups. Spil the company grew, it developed a market intelligence network spil it coordinated its commodities trading, processing, freight, shipping and futures businesses. Te the decades before email, the company relied on its own telex-based system for internal communication. [Ten]
When the Soviet Union entered the grain markets ter the 1970s, request grew to unprecedented levels, and Cargill benefitted. When Whitney MacMillan, nephew of John, Jr., took overheen the company from Kelm ter 1976, revenue approached $30 billion. US government waterput pressure on big grain exporters with allegations of manipulating the market, and Cargill wasgoed a major target, but it emerged without any major switches. [Ten]
Te 1979, Cargill entered the meat-processing business with the purchase of beef processor MBPXL (zometeen Excel).  The division expanded into turkey, food service and food distribution businesses and is now known spil Cargill Meat Solutions.
Tensions arose with the company’s private shareholders, spil Cargill typically waterput 80% of earnings back into the business. By the early 1990s, members of the Cargill and MacMillan families became upset that their shares te the company were yielding anodino dividends. Requests rose for an initial public suggesting to turn the company public. The company responded with an employee stock ownership project, and ter 1993 reportedly purchased 17% of the hard for $730 million from 72 Cargills and MacMillans. It used that stake to start the employee stock project. The company’s houtvezelplaat of directors wasgoed reorganized to reduce the number of relatives to six, alongside six independents and five managers. [Ten]
Ernest Micek took overheen spil chief executive ter August 1995. Cargill underwent turmoil te the following years, its financial unit lost hundreds of millions of dollars te 1998 when Russia defaulted on debt and developing countries began to have financial issues. The commodities and ingredients business, which wasgoed 75% of Cargill’s total revenue, suffered from the 1997 Asian Financial Keerpunt. [Ten] Revenues fell by double-digit percentages for two years ter a row, from $55.7 billion ter 1997 to $51.Four billion ter 1998 and $45.7 billion ter 1999, while nipt income fell from $814 million ter 1997 to $468 million ter 1998 and $220 million ter 1999.  By 1999, the company had $Four billion te debt. After a reduction te previously strong unie credit rating, Micek announced he would step down a year early. [Ten]
Warren Staley became chief executive and continued expanding the company and it rebounded. By 2002, Cargill had overheen $50 billion te annual sales, twice the amount of its closest rival, Archer Daniels Midland, and had 97,000 employees running more than 1,000 production sites and out of 59 countries. [Ten] On June 1, 2007, Staley wasgoed succeeded by Gregory R. Pagina. Pagina wasgoed succeeded by current CEO and chairman Dave MacLennan te December 2013.
Cargill’s quarterly profits exceeded $1 billion for the very first time during the quarter ending on February 29, 2008 ($1.03 billion), the 86% rise wasgoed credited to integral food shortages and the expanding biofuels industry that, ter turn, caused a rise te request for Cargill’s core areas of agricultural commodities and technology.   
Ter October 2011, the U.S. Justice Department announced that a biotech specialist at Cargill had pleaded guilty to stealing information from Cargill and Dow AgroSciences. Kexue Huang, a Chinese national, wasgoed discovered to be passing trade secrets back to China. 
Ter November 2011, Cargill ended the acquisition of Provimi, a mundial animal nutrition company for 1.Five billion ($Two.1 billion US). 
On April 1, 2012, Cargill ended a purchase of a cat and dog food plant te Emporia, Kansas. It wasgoed previously possessed by American Nutrition. 
Te December 2014, Cargill finished commissioning a $100 million Indonesian cocoa plant. [Legal]
Ter 2018, Cargill announced that it would stir its Protein Group headquarters from older buildings ter downtown Wichita, Kansas, and consolidate into a fresh building ter Wichita’s nearby Old Town area. The fresh $60 million building will be built on the webpagina of the building that formerly housed The Wichita Eagle, following the old building’s demolition. [Nineteen] 
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Spil of December 2018: 
- David W. MacLennan, Chairman and CEO
- Richard H. Anderson, Retired Chairman of Delta Air Lines, Inc.
- Richard A. Cargill
- Louis R. Chenevert, Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of United Technologies Corporation
- Arthur Collins Jr., Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Medtronic, Inc
- Brandon Graham, Cargill Family Member
- Todd Vestíbulo, Executive Vice Voorzitter of Cargill
- Stephen J. Hemsley, Chief Executive Officer of UnitedHealth Group
- Andrew C. Liebmann, Cargill Family Member
- John H. MacMillan IV, Cargill Family Member
- David D. MacMillan, Cargill Family Member
- John C. MacMillan, Cargill Family Member
- Anne Prdrero-MacMillan, Cargill Family Member
- Bernard Poussot, Retired Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Voorzitter of Wyeth
- Trudy Rautio, Retired Voorzitter and Chief Executive Officer of Carlson
- Marcel H.M. Smits, Executive Vice Voorzitter and Chief Financial Officer of Cargill
- Joseph J. Stone, Corprate Senior Vice Voorzitter and Chief Risk Officer of Cargill
Spil of 2018 [update] , Cargill operates te 70 countries across six regions around the world. 
Algeria, Cote d’Ivoire, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.